Craftsman style architecture, also known as American Arts and Crafts, originated in California in the late 1800s. It is a domestic American architectural style popularized by Gustave Stickley. This style is distinguished by:
- rustic texture of building materials
- exposed rafter tails
- pergolas and trellises
- tapered elements, i.e. columns, walls, etc.
When stone was used it was laid in a random pattern rather than in a coursed ashlar pattern. The lower part of exterior walls were often bell-shaped near the ground. The house colors were earth-tones and exterior materials were left naturally colored.